Wood Prep & Sanding In Portland, OR

Begin with the end in mindBasic sanding preparation 打磨教程(仅供想了解更多的人使用)Color selectionOther preparationThe tools you needWork area tips

Begin with the end in mind

Wood finishing is fun and easy. Don't race through finishing a piece of furniture. Imagine how it will look finished in your home. Set up a good prep area. Turn on some music. Get creative and enjoy the journey. 做一些能给你的生活带来美丽的东西,在省钱的同时享受这个过程. Take an a little extra time to get a good result.

如果您是经验丰富的木材精加工商,请参阅亚虎娱乐的零售手册或 General Finishes's Video Library for quick and simple finishing instructions. For those of you that like to know more, 亚虎娱乐将带您一步一步地完成木材加工过程, including preparing the wood, 选择饰面并应用传统或装饰性饰面. 你是否打算为自己的家完成家具, make gift items, or take up woodworking as a hobby, 你会发现木材加工是一种有益的经历. 这是一项实用的技能,你将伴随你的一生. Anyone can save money by finishing their own furniture.

完成一件家具最关键的部分发生在你打开一罐污渍或油漆之前. 适当的准备打磨通常是将可接受的结果与专业外观的结果分开的因素.

套件(未组装)家具的提示:如果你正在组装家具, do so with an eye to the finished product. 是否需要大量的打磨来制作坚固和平整的接头和角落. 有些人发现在家具永久组装之前更容易打磨. 打磨单个碎片时要小心,避免在连接和粘接时形成可能形成缺口的脆边.

该项目是否是一件准备完成的家具, a freshly stripped antique, or a kit that needs assembly, 现在是时候做一些小的修补和打磨了. 用裂缝填充物填补空隙、钉孔和其他缺陷. 应打磨裂缝填充物,直到它只留在空隙中,而不是在木材表面. 木材表面多余的胶水必须在它还是湿的时候用清水冲洗掉, 或者晾干,然后用锋利的凿子或小刀切掉. 任何残留的斑点或污迹必须完全用砂纸磨掉. Areas contaminated by glue will not accept stain.

Sanding Preparation

为了达到完美的抛光效果,最重要的是要先打好坚实的基础. Review our sanding tutorial or prep sanding video for details. 所有表面应清洁,无污垢和油脂. Prep sanding is done with progressively finer grits. 首先用中砂纸准备表面,然后再进行更细的处理. On most raw woods, 在染色之前,用#120-150砂纸沿着纹理方向打磨,直到#220砂纸. Beware of over-sanding. Sand wood too smoothly and your finish won’t adhere.

  • 柔软的木材,如松木和桤木:从#120开始,结束时不超过#220(用于水基污渍),180砂砾用于油基污渍.
  • 硬木,如枫木和橡木:开始使用#120,抛光砂不小于#180(用于水基污渍),油基污渍不小于#150.
  • 末纹(木材逆纹切割的地方), such as the front side of a table, tend to soak up more stain than other surfaces. 对这些区域进行额外的打磨以控制污渍的吸收.
  • 用带除尘袋的轨道动力砂光机快速完成面漆之间的预备砂光和抛光工作. 在面漆或乳漆之间打磨时,一定要使用正确等级的砂纸. We often prefer to hand-sand final layer of top coat. 不使用轨道砂光机对平面、喷漆表面进行压力砂光. 当你施加压力通过油漆时,轨道磨砂机会挖进去, leaving round areas of wear, 而自然的痛苦则伴随着木头的纹理.
  • Sanding Blocks also make quick work of finish sanding. 细粒泡沫砂块适用于角落、缝隙和小区域.

Sanding Tutorial

磨砂的表面只不过是越来越细,越来越多的划痕. 因此,跳过一个沙粒会留下很深的山谷,连续的沙粒很难消除.

砂纸使用的一般规律是:砂纸越细, the lighter the stain color will be. 反之,砂纸越粗,污渍颜色越深. 粗糙的磨砂会比通过越来越细的砂纸打磨而得到的光滑表面看起来更不精致. 最后的打磨将使表面达到所需的光洁度. Sanding must be thorough, even and with the grain. 如果满足这些标准,则无需进一步打磨.

Since there are so many grades of sandpaper available, 了解各种名称的含义和一点实践对于有效和高效地进行沙子是有用的. 此图表基于亚虎娱乐的经验,仅供参考.

砂纸背面的标识或砂粒的数量表示磨料颗粒将通过的最小开口. For sandpaper marked 220, 研磨颗粒将通过每线性英寸有220个开口的筛网. 通常用于家具整理的磨料类型是石榴石, aluminum oxide and silicon carbide. 一般来说,红石榴石纸主要用于手工打磨. Gray to white aluminum oxide is used for either hand or power sanding; black silicon carbide is the abrasive of choice for very fine sanding in the woodworking field.

100沙粒以下的粗砂纸很少用于精细的家具整理. They may, on occasion, be useful for distressing the surface, 绕过粗糙的角落或打破极其粗糙的区域. 大多数用于家具整理的砂纸的等级介于精细和非常精细之间, that is from 120 through 220 grit; with 320, 400 and 600 grit reserved for special purposes.

For hard-to-stain woods, such as alder, birch, maple and poplar, 用120粒砂纸进行抛光通常可以解决这个问题. For finish sanding on most furniture hardwoods (e.g. cherry and mahogany) use 180- or 220-grit sandpaper. The use of grits up to 600 is not standard practice. 通常,您将不得不在表面平滑度或颜色接受度方面做出让步. Factory-sanded furniture still requires finish sanding. 最初用中细纸打磨,最后用一种或多种细纸打磨. Be sure to sand the whole surface with the same grit. 如果漏了一个点,粗糙的地方的污渍会更暗.

在准备木材进行水基处理时不使用钢丝绒吗, as steel particles may cause rust spots.

Color Selection

一件作品的最终颜色由四个因素决定:

  1. The color of the stain
  2. The nature of the wood species; different species of wood absorb stain differently based on porosity and oil or resin content
  3. How long the stain is left on
  4. The extent of wiping when removing excess stain
  5. The number of coats
  6. The topcoat used: one that dries clear vs. one that ambers

通过混合一般完成污渍来创建自定义的木材色调或颜色. Be sure to mix enough to complete the entire project. 一定要先在隐蔽的地方测试污渍.

Other preparation

  • 想办法把家具拆开,这样更容易弄脏. 只需卸下几个螺丝,你就可以卸下一件家具的背面.
  • 用风管、湿布或无油粘性布清除灰尘. 当使用水性涂料时,不要使用含有任何油类的粘性布. 你可以在当地的未完成家具店或木工店买到无油的衣服.
  • Optional: Raise the grain. On certain woods, such as oak and ash, 在最后打磨之前,先用湿布把木头打湿,以提高木纹. This will provide a smoother final finish. 让潮湿的木材干燥30分钟,然后再进行最后的打磨.
  • 每次打开罐头时都要好好搅拌里面的东西. Whether you are using oil-based or water-based products, 木渍和牛奶颜料含有有色颜料和染料,它们会沉淀在罐子的底部,在使用前必须彻底混合. 需要几分钟的时间来彻底混合罐子里的东西,这样颜色才会在最后一次刷的时候保持一致.
  • 水性产品的开启时间比油性产品短,所以一次只能对一个表面进行染色. Don't be stingy when applying water base products. 加载你的应用工具与产品和自由应用, 用产品保持你工作的表面湿润,直到你准备好用布擦去那部分. To get an evenly stained surface, 重要的是要彻底和一致地擦去污渍的方向谷物. A second coat, applied after the first one is completely dry, will give you a darker and deeper color.
  • Mix colors to make it your own custom finish. Don't let a color chart slow you down. General Finishes water based products - Milk Paints, Wood Stains, Dye Stains, 上光漆和面漆可以混合在一起,形成独特的效果. Let your creativity come out and play!

The tools you need

在开始任何木材加工项目之前,都要准备好这些物品. Get enough gloves, sanding blocks and sandpaper, lint-free cloths, paper towels, stir sticks, plates to pour your finish into, brushes and whatever else you might need.

  • 优质纸巾或无绒吸水抹布.
  • Use gloves, even with waterbase products. 如果你打算在你的项目上分层颜色,准备几对. 涂抹器可以很好地冲洗,但是水性产品中的染料和颜料会弄脏你的手. 这里有一个提示:在使用水性产品后清理工作区域时, 只要在你戴着手套的手上抓住所有湿的涂抹布,然后把手套从你的手上剥下来,盖在布上,以便快速处理. Never do this when using oil based products. 所有油基应用材料必须按照当地消防部门的标准仔细处理.
  • Aluminum foil and paper plates. 纸盘覆盖在铝箔提供完美的容器应用. Throw away the foil and reuse the plates. Remember, oil based products are combustible. 按照当地消防部门的标准处理.
  • Choose your favorite application tools. 你可以用旧抹布或猪鬃刷去除任何污渍,但亚虎娱乐建议使用以下方法.
    • Foam brushes for small surfaces and corners. 脆弱的泡沫刷在几分钟内就会散架——好的泡沫刷可以用好几次. Buy enough quantity to make life easy on yourself. 亚虎娱乐通常有几种正在使用、冲洗或干燥的. 它们可以在干燥后储存并重复使用几次.
    • 小的,旧的鬃毛刷,用于拖出多余的污渍或油漆的角落.
    • Handi Painter pads for large surface areas. 他们可以很容易地快速应用大量的产品到一个部分. They work well for oil base or waterbase applications. 你可以把它们切成两半,做成两个涂抹器,适用于中等大小的表面. 请注意,当Handi Painter Pads是新的或被切成两半时,它们会脱落. Be SURE to brush or rinse off any fuzz before using, 或者在衬垫表面放一个尼龙脚,同时防止纤维嵌入到你的面漆中,减少你的面漆中的气泡. 如果你使用的是水性产品,它们可以多次清洗和重复使用.
  • Don't work like a dog sanding anymore. Use soft back sanding sponges! They fit on standard palm sanders, are very flexible, easy to clean (rinse with water), and last a long time. 它们非常适合抛光,有四种等级可供选择, and fine enough to rub out finishes. Our favorite for final finishing is the superfine grade.
  • 使用蓝色苏格兰3M画家掩蔽胶带来分割你的项目. 伟大的双色完成或创建专业的外观,如这个棋盘或纹样.
  • Clean-up materials: paper towels, cotton swabs, mineral spirits and sealed metal containers, such as empty paint cans (for cleaning brushes, and, with the addition of water, 用于处理被油污浸透的破布和废物).

Work Area Tips

  • 用抹布、报纸或塑料布覆盖地板. 确保你的项目周围有足够的地板面积,可以很容易地走动. Be mindful of the bottom of your shoes; don't walk through drips and then track onto the floor, unless you don’t mind getting stain or paint on it.
  • 如果你的项目足够小,把它放在一个有轮子的懒人桌子上,这样可以很容易地接触到所有的侧面.
  • 当染色旋钮时,将旋钮打到纸板箱的底部,以便于完成应用. Simply cut slots in the cardboard, 并将螺钉(带有旋钮)滑动到插槽中,使其独立.
  • 用旧盒子作为小物件的晾衣架,比如抽屉前面. Recycling bins work well too.